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Lace Couerte

If you work this braid alone, without the exchanging move, this is "A open Lace" [t4]. "A lace double couerte" [t14] is this braid formed over a pre-made core. Turn the all the loops at regular intervals, and you'll have "A lace compound coverte" [t15].

It's hard to see the point of a braid that completely covers another. One possibility is that it conserves expensive materials, allowing a thick, round braid to be made with a cheaper thread hidden inside.



Seat a partner on your right side.

Take ten departed loops, and place them on the following fingers:
Outer hands: A B C
Inner hands: B C

Arrange the same color up on all hands - the bottom color forms the outside of the braid.


Work with the inner hands:
A goes through B C inner, and takes the loop on C outer unreversed.
Lower the outer loops.

Work with the outer hands:
A goes through B C outer, and takes the loop on C inner unreversed.
Lower the inner loops.

Exchange loops on your inner hands:
Your A goes through B from within outward, and takes your partner's B unreversed.
Partner's A takes your B unreversed.
Lower A to B.

Exchange loops on your outer hands:
Both workers reverse the A loop "downward".
Put your A loop over and behind your partner's A loop, taking his A unreversed.
Both workers reverse the A loop "upward" (undoing the twist from the previous step).

Repeat from the beginning.



Tollemache 13

Lace couerte.
Take 10 bows departed and set on your hands in the manner of the thick lace bordered [t10] save in this lace the color shall be above and the other beneath and work once with your right hand and once with your left hand in the manner of the open lace of 5 bows [t4] then change the over bows of your near hand in the manner of the thin lace bordered [t8] so then reverse thy bows of A left downward so that the color that was beneath be above and thy fellow in the wise shall reverse his bow of A right then shall you change your over bows of your further hands so that either of you take other bows unreversed then reverse thy bow of A left upward so that the color be above that was above at the beginning and thy fellow shall do in like manner with his further hand then shall you begin again as you did before and when that you shall begin again look that the color be above that was above at the beginning then thou shalt have a lace of one color within and a lace of another color without and then one may be drawn right well out of the other.

Harleian 16

For to make a lace covert.
Take 10 bows departed and set on your hands in the manner of the thick lace bordered [h10] save in this lace the one color shall be above and the other beneath. And work once with your right hands and once with your left hands in the manner of the open lace of 5 bows [h6]. Then change your over bows of your next hands in the manner of the thin lace bordered [h8]. Then reverse thy bow of A left downward so that the color that was beneath be above. And thy fellow in the same manner shall reverse his bow of A right. Then shall you change the over bows of your further hands so that either of you take the other bows unreversed. Then reverse thy bow of A left upward so that the color that was above be above. And thy fellow shall work in the same manner with his further hand. Then shall you begin as you did before. And when you begin again look that the color that was above at the beginning be above then. And then shall you have a lace of one color within and another without.

Serene 9

A lace covert of ten bows.
Take ten bows in the self manner set on thy hands and on thy fellow's, as is said of the lace bordered [s8], save in this lace that one color of all the bows shall be above, and the other beneath, and then either of you work once with the right hand, and once with the left hand, in the manner, as is aforesaid of the open lace [s4], and then shall you change the over bows of your hands next, and the over bows of your further hands, and then begin again as you did before till you have all done, and then shall you have a lace within and other without, and that one of one color, that other of another, and that one shall now be drawn out of that other and therefore it is called a lace covert.

[Serene appears to leave out the step where the A bows on the further hands are reversed before and after being exchanged. The answer lies in Serene's method for connecting the outer edges. The following braid [s10] specifies that the outer edges are to be connected beneath the braid. This movement is also described in the opening paragraph [s1]. Connecting beneath the braid turns the structure inside out (the upper loops now form the outside of the braid), which eliminates the problem of the upper layers intersecting with the lower. It's awkward to do, but gets easier with determination.]