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A Round Lace with a Cros Olyet

This is just like the preceding "brode lace with a crose and a olyet" [t36] with the addition of exchanging outer loops to make it round.

Both Tollemache and Harleian mention working above and beneath a second cord, to make the braid thicker. I haven't included it in the instructions, but it's done the same as the "lace doble couerte" [t14].

These braids are significant for specifically reversing the loops upward and downward rather than highing, lowing, and twisting them in seperate steps. Oddly, the directions take great care in explaining this process even though it was already covered in the opening paragraph.

Taking the overside of a loop reversed is also explained here.



Seat a partner on your right side.

Take twelve loops in two colors, and place them on the following fingers:
Color 1: B C D outer hands
Color 2: A B C inner hands


Twist all your loops 180°, while shifting them to the next finger:
Reverse upward on the outer hands.
(Flip the bottom part of each loop upward, onto the finger above. The side that was between the two fingers won't move. Begin with the loop on B, and use your other hand to help.)
D outer takes the overside of C inner reversed. [*]
(Maintaining the same twist direction as the previous loops.)
Reverse downward on the inner hands.
(Flip the top part of each loop downward, onto the finger below.)

Work with the inner hands:
A goes through B C inner, and D C B outer, and takes the overside of A outer reversed. [*]
(Undoing the unnecessary twist from the previous step.)

Exchange loops on your inner hands:
Your A goes through B from within outward, and takes your partner's B unreversed.
Partner's A takes your B unreversed.
Lower A to B.

Exchange loops on your outer hands:
Put your A loop over and behind your partner's B loop, taking his B unreversed.

Repeat nine times. (Or the third time that each hand has three matching loops.)


Twist all your loops 180°, while shifting them to the next finger:
Reverse upward on the inner hands.
(Flip the bottom part of each loop upward, onto the finger above. The side that was between the two fingers won't move. Begin with the loop on B, and use your other hand to help.)
D inner takes the overside of C outer reversed. [*]
(Maintaining the same twist direction as the previous loops.)
Reverse downward on the outer hands.
(Flip the top part of each loop downward, onto the finger below.)

Work with the outer hands:
A goes through B C outer, and D C B inner, and takes the overside of A inner reversed. [*]
(Undoing the unnecessary twist from the previous step.)

Exchange loops on your inner hands:
Your A goes through B from within outward, and takes your partner's B unreversed.
Partner's A takes your B unreversed.
Lower A to B.

Exchange loops on your outer hands:
Put your A loop over and behind your partner's B loop, taking his B unreversed.

Repeat nine times. (Or the third time that each hand has three matching loops.)


Repeat from the beginning.



[*] Overside of X reversed

Usually taking the overside (or top side) of a loop means it remains unreversed. The taking finger enters the loop and hooks the top side from within. The loop transfers fingers with no twist. Taking the overside reversed means the taking finger does NOT enter the loop, but hooks the top side from the outside, causing it to twist as it transfers. The difference between this type of reversed and the usual type is the direction that the loop twists. This is important for some braids.



Tollemache 37

A round lace with a cros olyet.
Set 12 bows on your hands and work in the manner of the brod lace with cros oliet [t36] and when ye shall change the bows of your next hands ye shall change the over bows of your further hands and if thou will thy lace to be great take a whipcord and knit [knot] the one end to the bows and the other end betwist thee and thy fellow and when ye shall change the bows of your next hands ye shall change beneath the cord and your further hands above the cord and so begin again.

Harleian 36

A round lace with cros and olyet.
Set 12 bows on your hands, and work in the same manner of the brode lace with cros and olyet [h35]. And when ye shall change your bows of your next hands ye shall change the over bows of your further hands. And if thou wilt that the lace be great take a whipcord and knit [knot] the one end with thy bows and that other end between thee and thy fellow. And when ye shall change the bows of your next hands ye shall change beneath the cord and your further hands above the cord.