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Braids by Family Grouping

If you already know one braid, it helps to see which others are related to it. A few small changes to the basic pattern can make a lot of variations without having to learn an entirely new sequence. You can also create your own versions.

I've created a symbolic short-hand to show at a glance how the instructions combine standard elements to create different patterns.

A basic symbol represents the braid: or
Which can be joined with another worker's braid: or

To that, the following might be added:
The outer edges are connected to form a tube.
A second color is brought to the surface at regular intervals.
An open edge is joined using a full twist.
Several repeats are performed before the pattern changes.

Lastly, 5.3 indicates that the braid requires two workers: the one on the left with 5 loops, and the one on the right with 3 loops.



Easiest Braids

The lowest loop of one hand is pulled through the top loop of the other hand, crossing over any other loops. Other than joining with a partner and playing with colors there's not a lot of design potential to explore. The instructions specify to take the loop reversed, but unreversed makes an interesting braid as well.


t02 - A brod lace of 5 bowys
h02 - Brode lace of v bowes
s02 - A broad Lace of V bows

|o

5


t58 - Lace brod of ii felaws
s07 - A broad Lace for Purses of ten bowes

|o|o

5.5




Twill-like Braids

The next three groups all share the same pattern - the lowest loop (the Key loop) on one hand is pulled through all the loops on the opposite hand. The pattern is the same regardless of the number of loops used. Only a few of the many possible combinations appear in the manuscripts.

Round braids: The Key loop is always taken reversed. This connects the top and bottom layers on each edge, making the braid roundish.


t03 - A lace common rownd of 5 bowys
h03 - Round lace of v bowys
s03 - A Lace round of V bow

o

5


t06 - A lace Bastonne
h05 - Lace baston
s06 - A lace bastuve of five Bows

o

5


t07 - A lace endentyd
h07 - Lace endented

o

5


s14 - The same round (lace daunce)
o

8


t10 - A thyke lace bordred
t59 - Lace borderd of ii felaws
h10 - Thykke lace bordred
s08 - A Lace bordered

oo

5.5


s69 - A Lace cheveron broad of sixteen bowes
oo

8.8


s70 - The same Lace Compound (cheveron broad)
oo@

8.8


t40 - A lace for hattes of 2 felaws
h41 - Lace for hattys

oo~

5.5


s13 - A Launce daunce broad of twelve bowes
oo~

6.6


t41 - A lace for hattes of 3 fallaws
h42 - Lace for hattys (incomplete)

ooo~

5.5.5


Unconnected braids: The Key loop is always taken unreversed. This keeps the top and bottom sides of the loops from intersecting - two separate braids result. There's a unique potential here for forming the braids into tubes, with one tube completely covering the next, and for switching the colors between the braids.


t04 - A opyn lace of 5 bowis
h06 - Open lace of v bowys
s04 - An open Lace of V bows

=

5


s05 - The same Lace of divers colours (open lace)
=

5


t13 - Lace couerte
h16 - Lace couert
s09 - A Lace covert of ten bowes

==~

5.5


t14 - Lace doble couerte
h17 - Lace couerte doble
s10 - A Lace double covert

==~

5.5


t61 - Couert of piole
s12 - An other Lace of coupen covert depiole

==~

6.6


s20 - A Lace Demi-cheveron
==~

6.6


s22 - A Lace covert de bastuve
==~

6.6


s23 - A Lace covert de bastuve de-miray
==~

6.6


s24 - A Lace Bastuve techell
==~

6.6


t15 - Lace compound couerte
h18 - Lace compon couerte

==~@

5.5


t60 - Compouner couert of xii bowis
s11 - A Lace cowpen covert

==~@

6.6


s21 - The same Compound (demi-cheveron)
==~@

6.6


Mixed braids: The Key loop is taken reversed by one hand, and unreversed by the other. This connects the layers along one side while leaving the other open, forming a braid that can be unfolded into a wider structure. This braid is interesting combined with the round and unconnected braids.


t11 - Lace piole
h15 - Lace piol
s15 - A Lace piole

<

8


t12 - Lace daunce
h14 - Lace dawns

<

8


t08 - A thyn lace bordred
h08 - Thyn lace bordred on both sydes

<=

5.3


t09 - A lace bordred the one syd
h09 - Lace bordred in one syde

<o

5.3


t18 - An holow lace of 10 bowis
h12 - Holow lace of x bowys

<>

5.5



t38 - Greyne dorge of 6 bowis
h39 - Grene dorge of vj bowes
s65 - A Lace green de orgee

%

6


t39 - Grene dorge of 12 bowis
h40 - Grene dorge of 12
s66 - The same double with twelve bowes (green de orgee)

%%

6.6




Tabby-like Braids

The basic pattern for these braids forms a tabby-like structure. They are presented in five and seven loop versions, but are similar enough to each other that certain combinations work for either one.

Five-loops: The Key loop is taken reversed on one hand, and unreversed on the other, forming a braid that can be unfolded into a wider structure. The manuscripts don't explore other options, but every variation that can be done with the twill-like braids can be done here, including making them round, unconnected, and joining with a partner's braid.


t05 - A thyne lace of 5 bowis
h04 - Thynne lace of v bowys

???

5


Seven-loops: The Key loop is taken reversed for a round braid, unreversed for two unconnected braids, or both to connect the braids along only one side. Additionally the seven-loop braids explore twisting the outermost loop to join open edges, allowing for long uninterupted stripes of color.


t19 - An holow lace of 7 bowis
h13 - Lace holow of vij bowys

o

7


t20 - A brod lace of 7 bowis
h21 - Brode lace of vij bowes
s25 - A broad lace for Purses of seven bows

<

7


t21 - An opyn lace of 7 bowis
h22 - Open lace of 7 bowes
s26 - The same lace open (broad)

=

7


t23 - A brod lace party
h24 - Brode lace party
s29 - A lace partie broad

*=

7


t54 - Lace ray
*==

7.7


t55 - Lace pall
s31 - A lace called pale

*==

7.7


s30 - The same lace ray (partie broad)
*==

7.7


t22 - A rownd lace parti
h23 - Lace round party
s27 - A Lace partie round

*=*

7


s28 - The same Compound (partie round)
*=*@

7


s32 - A lace quarter and quar-tell
*==*

7.7


s33 - The same compound (quarter and quar-tell)
*==*@

7.7




Serene's Oddities

(I'll classify these later)


s18 - A lace of covert Viceray
sym_j1j.gif
=!

6.6


s19 - The same lace compounds (covert viceray)
sym_j1j.gif
=!

6.6


s67 - A Lace vice of three colours
sym_j1j.gif
=!

6.6




Swivel Braids

Rather than being formed by multiple interlacements, this braid is held together by one element twisting around another in a regular pattern. It needs to rotate while being worked.


t16 - Lace cowe de race
h11 - Lace condrak departyd
s38 - The same Lace (cow-de-rate)

&

7


s37 - A lace called Cow-de-rate
&

7


s39 - The same Lace compound (cow-de-rate)
&@

7




Exchange Braids

These braids are as simple as pulling one loop reversed through another loop. Loops are exchanged between the hands in different patterns, creating the variations seen here.


t25 - A lace bend of 8
h26 - Lace bend rounde of 8 bowes
s34 - A lace corduve of eight bowes

%

8


t65 - A lace bend of 4 colours
%

8


t26 - Bend of his bowis
h27 - Las bend on hys bowys

%%

8.8


t28 - Cheyne brede
h28 - Lace cheyne brode

%

8


t27 - Lace maskell
h20 - Lace maskel
s35 - A lace Maskell

%

8


t49 - Lace frettys
s36 - A lace called the fret

%

8




Bend Braids

A bend is the heraldic term for a diagonal line. All these braids are formed by pulling each loop in sequence from one side through all the remaining loops to the opposite side.

Parallel bends: When two people work togther, the traveling loop passes through all the loops of both workers, forming one very large bend. The working direction can be changed at regular intervals, altering the direction of the diagonal.


t24 - A lace bend brod of 8 bowis
h25 - Lace bend brode of eyth bowes
s41 - A Lace bend

/

8


s42 - The same Lace of sixteen bowes (lace bend)
//

8.8


t53 - Lace amerous breide (a)
//~

8.8


t56 - Lace vinee of 8 bowis
s68 - A Lace that is called Vinee

/6\6

8


t57 - Lace vinee of 16 bowys
//8\\8

8.8


s40 - The same Lace of sixteen bowes (referent missing)
//16\\16

8.8


Opposing bends: Two workers can join together opposing diagonals, producing what looks like a large chevron or "V" shape. Altering the direction of the diagonal at regular intervals makes "cross and eyelet" patterns.


t29 - Cheueron of 12
h29 - Las cheueron of 12 bowes

/\

6.6


t32 - A Chevron brod of 16
h32 - Cheueron of 16 bowes
s43 - A Lace cheveron broad

/\

8.8


t53 - Lace amerous breide (b)
/\~

8.8


h33 - Cheueron rounde of 16 bowes
s44 - A Lace cheveron round

/\~

8.8


s56 - A Lace uliet boss
/\ 4 \/4

8.8


s57 - A Lace uliet vine
/\ 4 \/4~

8.8


s58 - A Lace Uliet boss
/\ 4 \/4~

8.8


t35 - Penne powne
h34 - Lace penner
s45 - A Lace penne de pound
s46 - A Lace enleved of sixteen bowes

/\ 6 \/6~

8.8


t53 - Lace amerous breide (c)
/\ 8 \/8~

8.8


t36 - A brode lace with a crose and a olyet
h35 - Brode lace with cros and olyet

/\ 9 \/9

6.6


t37 - A rovnd lace with a cros olyet
h36 - Round lace wyth cros and olyet

/\ 9 \/9~

6.6


Smooth-sided bends: The problem with braids that are formed along a diagonal couse is that there are long floats when that course is reversed. This braid is cleverly composed of triangular sections, which allow the direction of the diagonal stripe to change while keeping the sides of the braid straight.


t17 - Lace endente
h19 - Lace endented
s64 - A Lace indented

/^\^

8




Chevron Braids

A chevron is the heraldic term for a "V" shape. They are really just smaller diagonal braids (one worked on each hand) joined in the middle and again between workers for the double-wide versions. With a few exceptions, all of the braids based on chevrons include both round and flat versions, for both one and two workers.

Repeating chevrons: This is the most straight-forward option, with no changes in diagonal or working direction.


t30 - Cheueron brod of viii bowis
h30 - Brode lace cheueron of 8 bowes
s47 - A lace cheveron broad of eight bowes

A

8


t31 - A Cheueron rounde of 8
t63 - A cheueron round of 8 bowis nat acordyng ...
t64 - A nother cheueron round
h31 - Round cheueron of 8 bowes
s48 - A lace Cheveron round

A~

8


t33 - Lace ounde brod of 16
h37 - Lace ounde brode of 16 bowes
s49 - A lace ownd of sixteen bowes

AA

8.8


t34 - Lace ounde rovnde of 16
h38 - Lace ounde rounde of 16 bowys
s50 - A lace ownd round

AA~

8.8


Four repeat inversions: As with the "bend" type braids, the direction of the diagonals can be reversed to form diamonds, crosses and eyelets.


t42 - A lace sauntor brod
s51 - A lace sawter of eight bowes

A4V4

8


t43 - Cros olyet round of 8 bowis
s52 - A Lace Croisle

A4V4~

8


t46 - Double crosset
s55 - A Lace double croisle

AA4VV4

8.8


t45 - Double loseng
s54 - A Lace double losenge

AA4VV4~

8.8


Eight repeat inversions: The diagonals can be reversed after any number of repeats, giving different effects. The braids for two workers are a glaring problem. They specify a color arrangement that would work for the "bend" braids above, but cannot work for "chevron" braids. Braids based on chevrons require symmetrical color placement across all hands.


t44 - Cros olyet brod of 8 bowis
s53 - A Lace Croise Uliet

A8V8

8


t47 - Sauntor oliet of 16 bowis
s59 - A Lace Sawter Uliet

AA8VV8

8.8


t48 - Sauntur oliet round
s60 - The same Lace round (sawter uliet)

AA8VV8~

8.8


Two repeat inversions: Reversing the diagonal after every two repeats means that only one color forms the stripes of the pattern. The dominant color can be exchanged as desired, with striking effect.


t51 - Fret oliet brod
s62 - The same Lace fret and broad

AA2VV2

8.8


t50 - Frett oliet rownd
s61 - A Lace fret Uliet round

AA2VV2~

8.8


t52 - Lace cressant
s63 - A Lace cressant

A2V2 [8] V2A2 [8]

8.8




Mystery Braid

This braid is an oddity on many levels. It uses loops, but is structurally the same as a seven-element braid made without loops. It doesn't even live up to its name, being neither wide nor striped.


t62 - A lace brod party of 7 bowis nat acordyng ...
???

7